Haryana – the highest crop producing state in India is blessed with rich the fertile land. It is located in the red soil of Aravalli Hills. A stunning golf course, number of cerulean lakes dazzling amidst the hills, deciduous forests and the charming vast wheat and paddy fields presents the picture of a true beauty of Haryana. One can see the generosity of the rustic nature and serene water bodies co-existing acerbically in Haryana. The green rebellion of Haryana is the result of the effort and toil of the tough Haryanvi people living here for centuries, who find cite even in the great epic Mahabharata.
Keeping in style with the secular distinctiveness of our country, the state of Haryana has numerous places of religious importance that abides remnants of the rich architectural and cultural history of the magnificent golden era. Haryana has plentiful Hindu "temples" that attracts quite a lot of devotees who visit the sacred shrines to seek out divine blessings. All the "Temples" of Haryana display the rich architectural skills and the artistic creativity of the people of Haryana. The state of Haryana boasts of the rich bio- diversity of the regions which is manifested through the vast reserve of the rare and endangered species of birds in the famous wild life sanctuary of the "Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary". Haryana is all set to allure you.
Climate of Haryana
Climate of Haryana is alike to other states of India located in the northern plains. Haryana can be separated into two normal areas, sub-Himalayan topography and the Indo-Gangetic plain. The plain is luxuriant and slopes from north to south with a height above the sea level averaging between 700 and 900 ft. The south-west of Haryana is arid, sandy and desolate. There are no persistent rivers in Haryana, Ghaggar being the only river, which flows through the northern fringes of the state. Haryana is very hot in summer and cold in winters. The temperature falls to the lowest in January and reaches upto 50o C during the months of May and June.
Arts & Culture of Haryana
Arts and crafts of Haryana include a variety of style and flair. These works of art reflects the rich cultural heritage of Haryana. These are renowned all over the country for their marvelous aesthetic values. These mainly include Pottery, Embroidery and Weaving, Phulkari, Chope, Durries Bagh and Paintings. Most of these are fundamentally village handicrafts. Haryana is also renowned for its woven works. The Haryana Shawl, a derivative of the Kashmiri style of work, is a brilliant piece of art. Vivid and radiant colors form an essential part of these arts and crafts. The pots made in the villages of Haryana are brilliantly dyed and designed intricately. This makes them appear very attractive. While the men make the earthen article the patterns on them are generally painted by some woman member of the family. Phulkari of Haryana is essentially a rural craft and in made by the women members. The Bagh is a bit different from the Phulkari and in this case the base cloth is completely covered with embroidery. Another kind of shawl made by the people here is the Chope. Haryana Arts and Crafts are one of the major modes of income for the rural people of the state. Thus they play an important role in governing the economy of the state of Haryana.
Cuisine of Haryana
Ease is the keyword when it boils down to eating and drinking for the Harayanavis, fundamentally living in rural areas. The 2-meal a day practice is followed in rural regions with the afternoon starvation pangs being put to rest in the fields. In case of villagers; they don't have breakfast and go directly to lunch which comprises of loaves made from flour (bajra, wheat or gram) with salt and adequate green chillies to put anyone else on fire. The evening meal usually is khichri (porridge) of bajra and moong or rice. When it comes to the urban areas it's a slightly different story. Breakfast is a common feature, especially for working people. Earlier bajra and bejhar (gram and barley mixture) flour were usually used but now wheat is more popular. Famous Saag (a veggie preparation) is common as is milk, curd and buttermilk. The afternoon meal is usually a simple affair yet again, but at night the menu can be very varied with meat and vegetables sitting side by side.
Places of Interest
Chandigarh –The Capital City
Chandigarh, the capital of both Punjab and Haryana, is the only Indian city to have been planned and designed by the same architect – Le Corbusier. The city, a replica of wide roads and roomy residential colonies, is an exceptional base for specific sightseeing, and for visiting Sukhna Lake, Pinjore Gardens, the Rose Garden and the Rock Garden. The city of Chandigarh located in the valley encircled by Shiwalik Hills that edge the great Himalayas. From here one can travel northwards to the hill resorts of Shimla Kulu, Manali, Dharmashala and Dalhousie. Chandigarh is not only the most modern city in the country but has been designed to precision by the renowned French architect le Corbusier.
Air: Indian Airlines connect Chandigarh with Delhi, Jammu, Shrinagar and Leh. Vayudoot Services connect Chandigarh with Delhi, Kulu and Gaggad.
Rail: Chandigarh, the boundary of Northern Railway, is connected with Bombay, Delhi, Kalka and other major cities in India.
Road: Chandigarh is connected by good motorable roads. Regular bus services connect Chandigarh with Amritsar, Delhi, Dharamshala, Kulu, Manali, Nangal, Pathankot and Shimla.
Tourist Destinations & Attractions
The man-made reservoir, Sukhna Lake is the most captivating location in Chandigarh presenting a number of actions for the tourists. Boat cruise, water skiing, canoeing and sculling are a few of the actions in the lake that are liked by the majority of tourists here. Children discover this place as a wonderland with numerous joy rides and a mini train around the lake. The evening approaches with the elated birds filling the ambience with their tweeting creating the place even more charismatic.
Built by Nekchand, Rock Garden of Chandigarh discovers a diverse face of human artistic ability. Thousands of animal and humanoid figures made out of multicoloured worthless stones, industrial and urban waste and other discards is the chief appeal of this unique Rock Garden. Sarcastically, the wastes have achieved a new stature here with the touch of human fingers, which is the fact that spellbinds the tourists approaching here. People coming to Chandigarh make it a point to visit this supreme destination, Rock Garden.
Asia's biggest rose garden, Zakir Hussain Rose Garden is situated next to the city centre, in sector 16. Sprawling over 30 acres of land, the garden brags of more than 1600 kinds of roses. Affording a sight to observe during spring, the rose plants have been planted brilliantly in carved-out lawns and flowers beds. Like the cultural zone, which is just across the road in Sector 10, Dr. M.S. Randhawa also designed this garden, as his curiosity in horticulture and fondness for flowers was abundant. Every year, at the end of February or opening of March, a grand festival known as Rose Festival, is celebrated at this garden. Over 20,000 people visit this festival. It's one of the great celebrations in the city. There are lots of competitions, cultural celebrations and many other events.
Gurgaon – The Fast Developing City
Gurgaon is the most speedily emergent colonnade of Greater Delhi. Gurgaon situated in the National Capital Region. Its lies close to the International and the Domestic Airport. Gurgaon has come out as the hub of IT and other new-age businesses. Its propinquity to the national capital of Delhi is an added benefit. Gurgaon enjoys all the facilities available in Delhi. Gurgaon is home to offices of several MNCs. The Gurgaon district of Haryana has several places of tourist interest like the Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary, Damdama Lake and Shama. Gurgaon is well linked by rail and road to Delhi, Faridabad and Jaipur.
Air: The nearest airport is Indira Gandhi International Airport, at New Delhi. The Delhi airports link Gurgaon with most of the important cities of India and the world.
Rail: Gurgaon Railway Station is one of the oldest Railway Station situated on the Delhi - Rewari - Jaipur Railway line route. It is at a distance of about 3 km from main old Gurgaon City. Computerized reservation facility is also available at Gurgaon Railway Station.
Road: The road network of the entire state is very convenient. A good network of highways and national highways connects almost all the major towns and cities.
Tourist Destinations & Attractions
Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary
Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary, founded by Dr. Salim Ali is situated 16 km from Gurgaon and 46 km from Delhi. During winter birds migrate from as far as Siberia and Europe. The important species found in the park are saras, crane, spot bill, ruddy shel duck, rosy pelicans etc. Over 100 species have been identified in this Sanctuary. There are hide outs, watch towers and a museum of sorts for those keen on serious study. Guest rooms, restaurant, family cottages, bar, hide outs, water towers and catering wing, are there for bird watchers and tourists.
Sohna is known for its hot springs. Haryana Government has built a Barbet Hut complete with its own sitting area and an attached kitchen for tourists. A motel wing has air-conditioned rooms for stay. A four bed dormitory, family huts and simple camper huts have been built for every-budget tourists. In February every year, a Statesman Vintage Car Rally to the Sohna hill is held and Haryana Tourism celebrates the day with a mela event.
The splendid Sheesh Mahal was constructed by Nawab Faujdar Khan in 1793 which is a double storied building made from slate, limestone and is embellished with mirrors. The awe of the Mughal palaces inspired the local Nawab to make this beautiful building in Gurgaon. Today only the structure remains in a dilapidated condition.
Nuh is situated about 45 km south of Gurgaon on the Delhi-Alwar Road and is a town in Mewat district in the state of Haryana. The town assumed importance in the time of Bahadur Singh of Ghasera because of the trade in Salt which was manufactured in the neighbouring villages. To the west of the town is a fine masonry tank of red sandstone with a chhatri possibly connected with the name of Chuhi Mal, adorned with beautiful floral designs. The tomb of Sheikh Musa, an exemplary structure combining the Muslim and Rajput forms of architecture, is at a distance of about 2 and a half kilometres from town. It is famous for its shaking minarets. The shaking of the minarets can be felt distinctly.
If you’re keen to go a bit further around the town of Nuh, make it a point to go the two monuments in village Kotla about 6.5 KM south of the town of Nuh. These are the mosque and the tomb of Bahadur Khan Nahir. In these buildings, red sandstone and Grey quartzite are skilfully combined in a well-built structure. Over the ruined gateway is an inscription giving the date of its building as A.D. 1392-1400.
Sheetala Devi Temple
This famous Hindu temple is located one and a half kilometers in the suburbs of Gurgaon near a pond. Also referred to as a 'Shakti Peeth', the presiding deity of this temple is Mata Sheetala Devithe goddess of small-pox. It is held in great esteem throughout this part of the country. It is visited by a large number of pilgrims.
Kurukshetra- The Town of Great Battle – Maharbharata
The venue where Lord Krishna mouthed the long Bhagvad Gita (one of the sacred Hindu books) at one stretch because Arjuna (of the Mahabharata fame) was too embarrassed to poke arrows into his own cousins or smash their heads in. The next day Arjuna learns the meaning of dharma (or duty, which incidentally was nothing less than a gory war against his bad cousins) and he does exactly what he was embarrassed about.
Air: The Airports close to Kurukshetra are at Delhi and Chandigarh, which are well connected by road and rail. Taxi service is also available.
Rail: Kurukshetra is a railway junction, well connected with all important towns and cities of the country. The Shatabadi Express halts here.
Road: Buses of Haryana Roadways and other State Corporations ply through Kurukshetra and connect it to Delhi, Chandigarh and other important places.
Tourist Destinations & Attractions
This lake is dedicated to Lord Brahma- the creator of our planet. Small temples and ghats surround the lake which is a very holy one. It is said that a dip in its waters during a lunar eclipse purifies the body and soul, and going by the turnout.
It was here that Bhishma Pitamah (grandfather of Pandavas and Kauravas) lay down on a bed of arrows. Don’t expect to see the bed, although a temple now stands here. Close by is the Banganga (or Bhishma Kund), a water tank. Legend says that when Bhishma Pitamah was dying on his bed of arrows and was thirsty, Arjuna shot an arrow into the ground and out spouted water.